WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES
Name
(District in Brackets)
Year of Notification Area Sq. Km  Forest Types Zonation  mMSL Important Animals and Plants
National Parks:
Eravikulam 
(Idukki)
1972
1978 (N. P.)
 97 TE, MF, MD
1000-2695  Nilgiri Tahr (Ibex), Nilgiri Pine Marten, High elevation shola birds
Silent Valley
(Palakkad)
1984  89.52+148 (added in 2007 as buffer zone)
MF, TE, TSE, MD   900-2500  Lion Tailed Macaque, Tiger, Lesser carnivores
Sanctuaries:
Periyar Tiger Reserve
(Idukki)
1950.  350 sq. km notified in 1982 as National Park
 777.54+148 (added in 2007, actual transfer 2012)
TE, MF, MD, P. West Coast TE 900-2019 Tiger, Lion Tailed Macaque, Black Panther, Elephant, smaller mammals
Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife
(Thrissur)
1958  125  TSE, MD, P, C. 40-928  Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Elephant, Sambar, Barking Deer, Bonnet Macaque, Nilgiri langur, Slender Loris, Porcupine
Neyyar Wildlife
(Thiruvananthapuram)
1958  128 TE, TSE, MF, MD, P, C. reed brakes.  80-1866  Ibex, Lion Tailed Macaque, Elephant, Nilgiri Langur, Crocodile, Shola birds. More than 150 endemics. 
Parambikulam Wildlife
(Palakkad)
Tiger Reserve
1973

Notified as TR in Dec. 2009
 274
Core of Tiger Reserve 390.88 Buffer zone 252.77 from 2009
TE, TSE, DD, MD, P 300-1439

Nilgiri Tahr, Lion Tailed Macaque, Tiger, Gaur, Elephant, Nilgiri Marten, Mouse Deer, Hornbill, King Cobra, Cane Turtle, Malabar Gain Squirrel, Sloth Bear,  Drongos, Bee-eaters, Treepies
Wayanad Wildlife
(Wayanad)
1973  344  TSE, MD, P, C  800-1158 Elephant, Tiger, Gaur, Panther,Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Sloth bear, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Common Otter, Malabar Giant Squirrel
Idukki Wildlife
(Idukki)
1976  77.6 TSE, MD, P, C  600-1200  Elephant, Sambar
Peppara Wildlife
(Thiruvananthapuram)
1983  53 TE, TSE, MF, MD, P, C 60-1717 Lion Tailed Macaque, Elephant, Shola birds
Thattekkad Wildlife
(Idukki)
1983  25.14 TSE, MD, P, C  30-620 Ceylon Frogmouth, Bourdillon’s Long eared Indian Nightjar, Peninsular Bay owl, Crimson throated barbet, Malabar hornbill, Malabar horn bill, Malabar shama, Greyheaded fising eagle, Malabar trogon, Leopard, Sloth Bear
Chinnar Wildlife
(Idukki)
1984  90.44 TE, MF, MD, DD, P, C. Natural Sandal forests
440-2300 Nilgiri Tahr, Elephant, Panther, Dry habitat species of animals & birds, Rhododendron, Neelakurinji and other shola species
Chimmony Wildlife
(Thrissur)
1984  90 TE, TSE, MD, P, C 50-1116 Elephant, Tiger 
Aralam Wildlife
(Kannur)
1984  55 MF, TE, TSE, C 60-1598 Gaur, Sambar, Nilgiri Langur,
Chenduruny Wildlife
(Kollam)
1984  100.32 TE, TSE, MF, MD, P. Myristica swamps 120-1785 Tiger, Lion Tailed Macaque, Shola birds & lesser predators. Gluta Travancorica (tree)
Kurinjimala
(Idukki)
2006
32 (approx.)
MF, P
800-2550
(approx.)
Strobilanthes kunthiana (neelakurinji plant) and other shola species
Mangalavanam Bird
(Ernakulam)
2004 0.0274
Mangroves
Almost at
Sea level
Birds
Choolannur Pea Fowl
(Thrissur & Palakkad)
2007
3.42


Pea fowl
Malabar Wildlife
(Kozhikode)
2009 (intention notified)
74.22
TE,TSE, MD, grasslands
50-1600
Brown Palm Civet, Tiger, Kerala laughing thrush, Wayanad laughing thrush, Musheer (fish), King cobra, butterflies
Small National Parks
Anamudi Shola National Park (Idukki)
2003
7.5
MF
2152-2305
Shola species
Mathikettan Shola National Park (Idukki)
2003
12.82
MF
1984-
Shola species
Pambadum Shola National Park (Idukki) 2003
1.32
MF
1886-2531
Shola species, tiger
Community Reserve
Kadalundi-Vallikunnu
(Malapppuram)
2008
1.5
Mangroves
Sea level
Birds (terns, gulls, herons, sandpipers, whimbrels etc) Mangroves, crabs, mussels

TE - Tropical EvergreenTSE - Tropical Semi EvergreenMF - Montane Forests/GrasslandsMD - Moist Deciduous
P - Plantations;   C - Cultivated area.


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